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Interview with JoAnne Phinazee, January 18, 2017

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
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00:00:12 - Introduction / Childhood and family

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Partial Transcript: It’s Wednesday January the 18th, 2017 and I’m John Cruickshank...

Segment Synopsis: In this segment, Phinazee discusses her early childhood and her family roots in Waverly Hall, Georgia and North Augusta, South Carolina. She talks about growing up in Griffin, Georgia and learning to cook at the age of three.

Keywords: Frog Bottom; Georgia; Griffin; Harris County; North Augusta; South Carolina; Spalding County; Waverly Hall

00:05:29 - Early education

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Partial Transcript: Just … tell us a little bit about your …

Segment Synopsis: In this segment, Phinazee talks about her early years in school in Waverly Hall, Georgia, her family’s move to Griffin and her experiences in grade school at Annie Shockley and Fairmont High School. She discusses living in a neighborhood that was not segregated, and how she was considered rich due to her family's resources.

Keywords: Annie Shockley Grade School; Edgewood; Fairmont High School; Hawkes Free Children's Library; Hawkes Library; Negro Vocational High School; Rosenwald School

00:24:26 - Studying at the Hawkes Library

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Partial Transcript: Was Hawkes a desegregated library for all of the children?

Segment Synopsis: In this segment, Phinazee talks about her experiences studying in the segregated, all-white Hawkes Free Children’s Library in Griffin. She recounts how she was able to defy the societal norms of the time and describes the differences between the all-white library and the African-American library most of her classmates used.

Keywords: African-American libraries; Fairmont High School; Hawkes Free Children's Library; Hawkes Library; Segregation

00:34:21 - Resisting segregation in Griffin

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Partial Transcript: Were there any other places in Griffin that you found interesting ...

Segment Synopsis: Phinazee discusses her lack of understanding concerning segregation as a child. She shares how she didn't see the true extent of it until she noticed the disparities in the supplementary educational material across racial boundaries.

Keywords: McClendon's drug store; Woolworth's Lunch Counter; segregated schools; separate but equal; sit-ins

00:44:20 - Work at Pomona Products

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Partial Transcript: You mean you had white water while the rest...

Segment Synopsis: In this segment, Phinazee discusses her time working for the Pomona Products Company in Griffin. She details the working conditions faced by African American women in the plant and recounts the story of a confrontation with a white supervisor.

Keywords: KKK; Ku Klux Klan; Labor Rights; Pompna Products Company; sexual harassment; working conditions

00:54:10 - Family incident with the Ku Klux Klan

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Partial Transcript: Had you or your family had previous experience with the KKK as to why you would think they were coming from you?

Segment Synopsis: Phinazee talks about her families experience with the Ku Klux Klan, and says that they came to her house after her uncle became romantically involved with the richest woman in town and the KKK found out.

Keywords: Berta Shell; KKK; Ku Klux Klan; caddy; gambling; golf; integrated neighborhoods