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Interview with J. Roy Rowland, June 30, 2009

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
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00:01:04 - Early life / Education and military service

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Partial Transcript: Wrightsville, Georgia.

Segment Synopsis: Rowland talks about growing up during the Great Depression in Wrightsville. He discusses his education at Emory and his army service in World War II. He shares about his additional education and talks about his medical practice in Dublin, Georgia.

Keywords: Augusta; European Theatre; Great Depression; South Georgia College; Swainsboro, Ga.; University of Georgia; World War II (WWII); eagle scout; economic crisis; economic downturn; infantry; medicine

00:04:23 - Georgia General Assembly / Committees

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Partial Transcript: What happened after you got your medical degree?

Segment Synopsis: Rowland talks about his experiences as Georgia State Representative, including his relationship with Speaker Murphy. He then shares about his time on various committees, including the Health and Ecology Committee, the Ways and Means Committee, the Judiciary Committee, and Rules Committee. He briefly discusses politicians Bill Lee, Sidney Marcus, Jack Connell, Al Burruss, Wayne Snow, and Joe Frank Harris.

Keywords: Bill Lee; Certificate of Need; Georgia General Assembly; Georgia House of Representatives; Georgia legislative body; Health and Ecology Committee; Leon Green; Marcus Collins; Ralph Walk; Tom Murphy; legislation; legislature; run-off election

00:16:24 - Campaign / Larry McDonald

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Partial Transcript: Well, you served in the State House three terms.

Segment Synopsis: Rowland talks about his campaign for United States House of Representatives and the move to Washington, D.C. He recalls the controversy surrounding Congressman McDonald's death, who was killed when the flight he was on was shot down by Soviet interceptors.

Keywords: 007 Korean airliner; Billy Lee Evans; Bloody Eighth; Bo Ginn; Georgia Eighth District; Joe Frank Harris; John Birch Society; Korean airline; Lindsay Thomas; Norman Underwood; Russia; Russian attack; Speaker O'Neill; Thomas O'Neill; Tip O'Neill; US Congress; United States Congress; airline attack; anti-communism; conspiracy theory

00:24:42 - Ronald Reagan / Congressional committees

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Partial Transcript: Well, when you had arrived in Washington it was 1983.

Segment Synopsis: Rowland discusses President Reagan and the state of the country during his presidency. He talks briefly about the Conservative Democratic Forum, a group of conservative Southern Democrats in Congress, also known as the "boll-weevils." Rowland then explains the member selection process for committees in the House of Representatives. Finally, he talks about the national deficit.

Keywords: Blue Dogs; Boll Weevils; Misery Index; Ronald Reagan; Steering and Policy Committee; Teflon President; US Congress; United States Congress; earmarking; federal budget; national debt

00:32:08 - Iran-Contra / First Gulf War

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Partial Transcript: There were two incidents during your term up there

Segment Synopsis: Rowland discusses his role in the Iran-Contra affair, and recalls a trip to a Contra camp during that time. He also talks about his views on the Persian Gulf War and its impact. Finally, he briefly comments on President Reagan's defense spending.

Keywords: Cold War; Energy and Commerce Committee; George Bush; Honduras; Iran; Iraq; Nicaragua; Persian Gulf War; Ronald Reagan; Russia; Saddam Hussein; Sandinistas; Sonny Montgomery; Soviet Union; World War II (WWII); cruise missile

00:39:09 - Healthcare / Georgia Congressmen

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Partial Transcript: Let's talk for a minute now about healthcare

Segment Synopsis: Rowland shares his views on healthcare and talks about healthcare legislation he was involved with during his time in Congress. He discusses the use of 'means-testing' as a method for determining a person's eligibility for government assistance for programs like Social Security and Medicare. Rowland then talks about Georgia Congressmen, including Ed Jenkins, Doug Barnard, Elliot Levitas, Lindsay Thomas, Richard Ray, and Buddy Darden. He briefly discusses his current political influence.

Keywords: Buddy Darden; Carl Vinson; Edgar Jenkins; Medicaid; PeachCare; Phil Landrum; Sam Nunn; Wyche Fowler; biomedical ethics; healthcare legislation; universal healthcare

00:47:04 - Economics

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Partial Transcript: Well, I would like to now move ahead to the present day.

Segment Synopsis: At the time of the interview, Rowland discusses the economic situation in 2009, and shares his projections about the future. He also talks about the United States's international relationships with other countries.

Keywords: Africa; Israel; Keynesian Economics; TARP; Troubled Asset Relief Program; budget deficit; deficit spending; deflation; government bailouts; humanitarian efforts; military budget; military spending; national debt; national economy; the Great Depression

00:54:36 - Healthcare legislation

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Partial Transcript: Let's get back for a minute to Dr. Rowland to your role in the National Healthcare System.

Segment Synopsis: Rowlands talks about the Clinton Administration healthcare proposal. He also discusses healthcare legislation he developed with fellow U.S. Representative, Mike Bilirakis, and the difficulties that the legislation encountered.

Keywords: Bill Clinton; Bob Michaels; Dick Gephardt; Energy and Commerce Committee; Hillary Clinton; Hospital and Healthcare Subcommittee; Jim McDermott; John Dingle; bipartisan legislation; means testing; universal healthcare

01:03:16 - Career reflection

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Partial Transcript: As you look back over your career is there anything you would've done differently?

Segment Synopsis: Rowland reflects on his career as a whole. He also discusses healthcare providers, Obama's healthcare plan, and the private health insurance industry. He discusses how politics have changed and how they have changed him over the years.

Keywords: Affordable Care Act; Obamacare; biomedical ethics; campaign costs; campaign funds; campaigning; congressional elections; elections; socialized medicine

01:12:01 - Georgia politics

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Partial Transcript: We haven't talked about reapportionment.

Segment Synopsis: Rowland talks about the party shift in Georgia from a Democratic to a Republican majority. He then discusses politics in Georgia as a whole.

Keywords: Albany; Georgia's eighth congressional district; Jim Marshall; Valdosta; Warner Robbins; cross voting; election financing; grass roots efforts; labor unions; minorities; minority voters; party registration; public financing