UGA Libraries Logo

Interview with Harold G. Clarke, February 2, 2009

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Search this Index
00:00:33 - Early life

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Forsyth, grew up there.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke shares about growing up in Forsyth, Georiga, and tells the story of his parents' youth, including how they met and became engaged. He discusses his book Remembering Forward.

Keywords: Blue Hole; Bobby Jones; Danville, Virginia; Forsyth, GA; Johns Hopkins; LaFayette, Georgia; Monroe Advertiser; Pearl Harbor; Presbyterian seminary; Robert Browning; The Passionate Shepherd to His Love; Thornwell Orphanage; Union Seminary; World War I (WWI); World World War II (WWII)

00:13:56 - Education

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you went to school there in Forsyth?

Segment Synopsis: Clarke describes his early schooling and his relationship with his first grade teacher. He discusses a shift in his feelings towards education in high school. Clarke then talks about his short time at the University of Georgia.

Keywords: Georgia Beta Club; UGA; dyslexia; dyslexic; learning disabilities; learning disability

00:20:11 - Army service

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I had finished two years of school by the time I went in the army.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke shares about his time in the army, focusing on his role as a journalist for the Stars and Stripes journal.

Keywords: Fort Knox; Red and Black; Tokyo, Japan; WW2; WWII; World War 2; World War II; basic training; journalism

00:23:39 - Interest in law and politics

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So then you came back to the University?

Segment Synopsis: Clarke talks about returning to the University of Georgia. He explains his motivations to pursue law and politics, discussing his family's history with them. He recalls seeing President Roosevelt's speech in Barnesville, Georgia at the dedication of the Lamar Electric Cooperative, a project of the Rural Electrification Administration (REA).

Keywords: Address at Barnesville, Georgia; Al Smith; Charlie Weltner; Eugene Talmadge; Hugh Lumpkin; Jack Clarke; Jospeh Henry Lumpkin; Ku Klux Klan; Lawrence Camp; Senator Walter George; UGA

00:30:07 - Georgia House of Representatives

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you ran for the House of Representatives?

Segment Synopsis: Clarke talks about his election to the Georgia House of Representatives. He discusses his relationship with Zell Miller and Tom Murphy. He also speaks about the integration of the University of Georgia, the structure of the county unit system, and tensions between Governor Vandiver (1959-1963) and Speaker Rayburn.

Keywords: County Unit System; Ernest Vandiver; Georgia General Assembly; Neill Primary Act; Sam Rayburn; UGA; desegregation; integration

00:35:23 - Legislation

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You authored several major bills.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke discusses two major bills he was involved in: Abolish Atlanta, a plan that affected large counties, and the Clarke Plan, legislation concerning the Georgia State Senate.

Keywords: Constitutional amendment; Fulton County; Georgia Constitution; Georgia General Assembly; Georgia legislature; census

00:38:52 - Governor elections

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I'm sure you remember the election of '62

Segment Synopsis: Clarke talks about the 1962 election between Carl Sanders and Marvin Griffin for governor of Georgia. He then discusses the governorship of Sanders. He also speaks about the controversial election of Governor Maddox in 1966.

Keywords: Atlanta Hawks; Bob Reynolds; Ellis Arnall; George Busbee; Howard Callaway; Lester Maddox; Major League Baseball; Mills Lane

00:44:00 - Supreme Court of Georgia cases

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You remember the Julian Bond case.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke speaks about his involvement in several cases during his time on the Georgia Supreme Court, including the Julian Bond case. He also briefly discusses his motivations to leave the House of Representatives.

Keywords: Butts County; C-section; Cesarean section; GA Supreme Court; Harold Hill; Twiggs County; Vietnam War; civil disobedience; draft card burning; draft cards; separation of powers; war protests

00:52:22 - Georgia Supreme Court: organization and changes

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Then along about that time there were an awful lot of changes.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke discusses the changes in the Supreme Court between 1980 and 1985. He also talks about the operations and process of the Georgia Supreme Court.

Keywords: GA Supreme Court; Judicial Building; World War II (WWII); law clerks; veteran

01:03:53 - Death penalty / Commission on Alternative Dispute Resolution

Play segment

Partial Transcript: At one time you served on the Georgia death penalty assessment team.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke shares how his views on the death penalty in Georgia have changed over time. He also discusses his time as Chief of the Joint Commission on Alternative Dispute Resolution. He talks about one case he mediated between MARTA and a labor union.

Keywords: ADR; DNA evidence; Troutman Sanders; arbitration; arbitrator; capital punishment; litigation; litigator; mediation; mediator

01:09:05 - Rep. Charles Weltner

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Let's talk for a minute about our friend Charles Weltner.

Segment Synopsis: Clarke discusses his relationship with Georgia Representative Charles Weltner, who in 1966 refused to run for reelection in protest of Governor Lester Maddox's segregationist policies.

Keywords: Congressman Weltner; Fletcher Thompson; Georgia gubernatorial election; Georgia's 5th congressional district; Georgia's fifth congressional district; Lester Maddox; Wesleyan College; election of 1966