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Rusk M, Interview with Dean Rusk, circa 1985

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
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00:00:13 - "Manchukuo" speech

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Partial Transcript: I wanted to ask you first of all about something that I should have asked you about last time.

Segment Synopsis: Rusk discusses the infamous 1951 "Manchukuo" speech and subsequent clearance of future communications as Assistant Secretary for Far Eastern Affairs.

Keywords: America and China; American foreign policy; Arthur Krock; Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs; China Institute of New York City; Chinese Taipei; David Lawrence; Douglass MacArthur; General MacArthur; Harry S. Truman; Japanese imperialism; MacArthur congressional hearings; Peking Union Medical College; Taiwan-U.S. relations; anti-Western sentiments

00:06:18 - The Korean War

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Partial Transcript: Let's turn to the Korean War.

Segment Synopsis: Rusk discusses the events leading up to and occurring on the first night of the North Korean invasion of South Korea, and the impact of those events on the public's perception of the United Nations. Further, he discusses the tension between Congress and President Truman during the Korean War.

Keywords: Cold War; Congressional power; Dean Acheson; Douglas MacArthur; Ernest A. Gross; Felix Frankfurter; Frank Pace; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; Harry S. Truman; John Foster Dulles; John J. Muccio; Joseph Stalin; Korean Peninsula; Lyndon B. Johnson; North Korea; Republic of Korea; South Korea; The Korean War; The President and Congress; United Nations Security Council; Virginia Foisie Rusk; War Powers Clause

00:18:29 - Collective security, containment, and Communism

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Partial Transcript: It must have been a shock to be faced with this?

Segment Synopsis: Rusk compares the military state of post-World War II America to that of America during the Korean War, and the impact of "collective security" and containment on the military actions of the U.S. government during the Korean War.

Keywords: American foreign aid; American foreign policy; Anti-communism; Charter of the United Nations; Chinese weapons; Cold War; French Indo-China; George Kennan; Harry S. Truman; John F. Kennedy; Joint Chiefs of Staff; Joseph Stalin; Lyndon B. Johnson; North Korea; Second Red Scare; Seventh Fleet; South Korea; Taiwan; The Greek Civil War; Truman Doctrine; World War II; junk; weapons; wooden junk

00:31:48 - Korean army training

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Partial Transcript: Did you suggest those moves to President Truman? How were those decisions made? Were there meetings about what's the real purpose, what's going to happen?

Keywords: Douglas MacArthur; George Kennan; Harry S. Truman; Katusas; Syngman Rhee; The Korean War; The Vietnamese War; Yakov Malik

Subjects: Rusk discusses the implementation of army ranks containing Korean soldiers, and the efficacy of their training as compared to that of American-trained Vietnamese soldiers during the Vietnam War. He further discusses decisions made concerning the prisoners of war.

00:40:35 - The Soviet Union and China

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Partial Transcript: To what extent did you think you were dealing with, or, were you dealing with the Soviet Union and China?

Segment Synopsis: Rusk explains the role of the Soviet Union in the Korean War, giving logistic support to North Korea.

Keywords: 38th parallel; Douglas MacArthur; Inchon Peninsula; North Korea; South Korea; The Korean War

00:44:41 - Interrupted by a visitor

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Subjects: Rusk is interrupted by a visitor, with whom he interacts concerning teaching at Emory University, the visitor's wife, and their move.