UGA Libraries Logo

Rusk 7S, Dean Rusk autobiographical sketch, Part 5, circa 1985

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Search this Index
00:00:02 - Anecdote from time at Oxford University / The League of Nations

Play segment

Partial Transcript: --had an invitation there from the lord and lady of the local manor house to come and have tea with them the next afternoon.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk shares a story from his time in Oxford, England about attending tea at the local manor house. Later, he discusses the League of Nations, focusing on its historical role and effectiveness. He illustrates his view using the example of Italy's invasion of Ethiopia in 1935.

Keywords: Benito Mussolini; Litton Commission Report; Senate Foreign Relations Committee; WWI; WWII; Wellington Coo; Winston Churchill; World War I; World War II; pacifism; trench warfare

00:09:37 - German support for Adolf Hitler

Play segment

Partial Transcript: During Oxford vacations, I spent a good many of those in Germany.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk talks about the motivations and forms of German support for Hitler during his rise to power. He focuses on his observations from the times he studied in different German cities.

Keywords: Mein Kampf; German inflation; The National Socialist German Workers' Party; The Weimar Republic; Treaty of Versailles; World War II; the Nazis

00:16:51 - Time at Oxford University

Play segment

Partial Transcript: There was one thing at Oxford that I particularly enjoyed.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk shares about studying at Oxford University. He discusses Professor Alfred Zimmern, the Rhodes Scholarship, having American guests, exams, and life at St. John's College.

Keywords: Cecil Peace Prize; Cecil Rhodes; Junior Common Room; Lord Robert Cecil

00:28:54 - China-Burma-India theater during WWII

Play segment

Partial Transcript: One little matter not related to anything we have been talking about, Rich...

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk talks about his time serving in the CBI theater. He focuses on the condition of Japan and China during WWII, discussing the U.S. goals and strategies to stop Japan.

Keywords: General Frank Merrill; Pearl Harbor; President Franklin Roosevelt; Secretary of State John Foster Dulles; Truman Administration; World War II

00:37:55 - Creating a supply line to China

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Nevertheless, it was a substantial effort. Our job was to try to find some way to get supplies into China.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk shares the difficulties the Allies faced in creating a supply line to China, including terrain, snipers, and lack of supplies.

Keywords: General Earl Gilmore Wheeler; Lord Louis Mountbatten; Madam Chiang Kai-shek; President Roosevelt; World War II

00:46:52 - Working with General Joseph Stilwell and Winston Churchill / Chinese forces in Burma

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And by the time the road to China was completed, it was safe and secure from a military point of view, and we had driven the Japanese much farther south.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk talks about working with Stilwell and Churchill during WWII, sharing about their leadership styles and personalities. Later, Rusk discusses the Chinese forces in Burma. He focuses on their potential as soldiers, military corruption, and their sense of property.

Keywords: CBI theater; Chiang Kai-shek; China-Burma-India theater; Merrill's Marauders; Operation GRAPPLE; Operation PINPRICK; Vinegar Joe Stilwell; World War II

00:55:06 - Predicting the end of WWII as Chief of War Plans / Pearl Harbor

Play segment

Partial Transcript: It's hard to say to what extent the mission of the China-Burma-India theater was performed...

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk talks about having to predict the end date of WWII for other staff officers because of his role as Chief of War Plans. Later, he discusses the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. He focuses on the surprise of the U.S. intelligence community.

Keywords: Colonel James Compton; G-2 military intelligence; World War II

01:00:42 - The China-Burma-India theater

Play segment

Partial Transcript: One of the successful parts of our operation in the China-Burma-India theater was flying material across the hump to China.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk talks about various aspects of the CBI theater in WWII, including difficulty transporting supplies, the effectiveness of different types of forces, and situations where he witnessed or avoided combat.

Keywords: British East African battalion; General Joseph Stilwell; Japanese Zero planes; Siege of Myitkyina; flying the hump; modern warfare

01:13:26 - Decolonization of Asia

Play segment

Partial Transcript: One little interesting matter: President Roosevelt felt very strongly that the major colonial areas of Asia should come out of World War II as independent nations: India, Burma, Malaya, Indonesia, Indochina.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk speaks about the decolonization of the colonial areas in Asia, focusing on President Roosevelt's changing opinion and the ways history would have changed had Asian countries come out of WWII as independent nations.

Keywords: CBI theater; China-Burma-India theater; George Cartlett Marshall; Indochina; Marshall Plan; NATO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization; OSS; Office of Strategic Services; Prime Minister Winston Churchill; World War II; the British Empire

01:23:20 - Cooperation between the U.S., France, and England

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now, we entered another chapter when the North Koreans attacked South Korea in 1950 because it was clear that this was a major attack by the North Koreans of a broad front for the purpose of seizing South Korea.

Segment Synopsis: Dean Rusk discusses the relationship between the U.S., France and England during the Korean War and WWII.

Keywords: Eisenhower Administration; Indochina; Seventh Fleet; U.S. foreign aid; communism