UGA Libraries Logo

Rusk 7P, Dean Rusk autobiographical sketch, Part 2, circa 1985

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Search this Index
00:00:04 - Working on General Staff during World War II

Play segment

Partial Transcript: One point, on which most of the writers have got it wrong, had to do with the relations between General Stilwell and Lord Louis Mountbatten

Segment Synopsis: Rusk mentions Lord Louis Mountbatten and General Stilwell's high regard for one another. He mentions that after a period of leave, he served on General Staff as a long range policy planning, tackling issues related the WWII and the UN. Rusk explains that his office advised General George Marshall and SWNCC (State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee). Rusk recalls the bombing of Hiroshima and Japan's surrender, mentioning differences in the State Department and the War Department's post-war plans, which eventually resulted in a U.S. presence in Korea. He talks about competing spheres of influence over Korea and the decision to divide the peninsula at the 38th parallel.

Keywords: Colonel Charles Bonesteel; Department of Defense; General MacArthur; Japan; John J. McCloy; Joint Chiefs of Staff; Manhattan Project; World War II; atomic; nuclear

00:13:36 - The Office of Special Political Affairs / The Department of War / The Office of United Nations Affairs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: My work on the General Staff at this time brought me in regular contact with that part of the Department of State that was working on the United Nations.

Segment Synopsis: Rusk describes his time in the Office of Special Political Affairs's Division of International Security Affairs. He discusses the Azerbaijan question, the first case taken before the UN Security Council. Rusk also recalls working as the personal assistant to Secretary of War Robert Patterson, under whom he addressed issues like army integration and food shortages. He mentions his move back to the State Department under George Marshall and talks about the UN's choice for its home base, as well as discussing his method for tracking UN issues and his appointment as assistant secretary of state.

Keywords: Alger Hiss; Far Eastern Commission; Howard Peterson; Iran; James Byrnes; Japan; Joseph Johnson; Marshall Plan; New York; Presidio of San Francisco; Russia

00:26:55 - Managing regional bureaus / The Japanese Peace Treaty

Play segment

Partial Transcript: When President Truman was reelected in 1948...

Segment Synopsis: Rusk talks about coordinating policy between the State Department's regional bureaus as deputy undersecretary for political affairs, after which he became assistant secretary for Far Eastern Affairs. He tracks the process of creating and passing the Japanese Peace Treaty and the ANZUS Treaty (a Pacific security treaty between the U.S., Australia, and New Zealand).

Keywords: African bureau; Asian bureau; Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs; China; Dean Acheson; European bureau; Japan; Japanese Peace Conference; John Foster Dulles; Korean War; McCarthyism; WWII; colonialism; reparations

00:37:10 - The Rockefeller Foundation / Appointment as secretary of state

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I had, I think in 1951 perhaps, been invited to become a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation.

Segment Synopsis: Rusk chronicles his time at the Rockefeller Foundation, praising the Foundation's reputation and scholarship. He talks about his engagement in local politics with the Democratic Party of Scarsdale, New York, recounting an anecdote about Adlai Stevenson's rally for the Kennedy-Johnson ticket. Rusk further recalls his surprising appointment as secretary of state.

Keywords: Chester Bowles; Council on Foreign Relations.; Johnson; Kennedy; President's review; philanthropy

00:47:45 - Scenes and jobs from Rusk's childhood / Postscript on the Japanese Peace Conference

Play segment

Partial Transcript: on Whitehall Street in West End along that railroad track...

Segment Synopsis: Rusk shares memories from his boyhood in Atlanta, mentioning the horse-drawn fire wagon, the railroad switching tower, the ice plant, the Karo syrup plant, the industrial dump, and his own backyard. He recalls his jobs as a grocery and ice delivery boy and as an office boy at Foote and Davies Printing Plant and Southern Electric Supply Company, from which he was able to buy discounted electrical equipment for his family. Rusk briefly explains how the U.S. prevented the Soviet Union from blocking the Japanese Peace Treaty.

Keywords: Atlanta; Dean Acheson; Georgia; John Foster Dulles; USSR; child labor; childhood

00:59:05 - Rusk's early civic engagement and religious views

Play segment

Partial Transcript: A further postscript on my years in West End while we were living on Whitehall Street...

Segment Synopsis: Rusk talks about his childhood involvement at West End Presbyterian Church and the Christian Endeavor, a religious youth society of which Rusk became president. He notes the lack of crime in Atlanta during his youth and talks about his experience as a boy scout. Rusk expresses his love for reading, mentioning the Joel Chandler Harris Library. He talks about memorizing the Westminster Shorter Catechism and reflects upon how it impacted his perception of government, especially with respect to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Rusk chronicles his path through ROTC and the Army.

Keywords: Army Reserve Program; Christianity; The Wren's Nest; Uncle Remus; West End Presbyterian Church; military; philosophy; religion; theology