UGA Libraries Logo

Interview with Jewel Walker-Harps, July 30, 2015

Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia
Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:16 - Introduction / family / childhood growing up on a farm

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Could you please first start off by telling me where you were born and where you grew up?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps discusses her upbringing on a farm in the rural town of Glenville, Georgia as well as her mother, father, brother and grandmother.

Keywords: Educator; Georgia; Glenville; Griffin; Morris-Brown College; School System; Segregation; Spalding County; Teacher

00:05:46 - Education / experiences in Brooklyn, NY with extended family

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you lived there until approximately what age? When did you move to go away to take your courses?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps recounts her high school years and summer trips to New York to visit her mother's oldest sister and other extended family. She talks about her time spent at Brooklyn College, Morris Brown college and the many differences between living in rural, segregated Georgia and the big city of New York.

Keywords: Brooklyn College; High School; Morris-Brown College; New York; Segregated School; Segregation

00:13:08 - Early 1960's / move to Griffin, GA / first teaching job in a segregated school

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So this brings us into the early 60's right?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps discusses her move from Glenville to Griffin and her first job as a middle school teacher at the Fairmont School, a Rosenwald School under the principalship of C.W. Daniels. She discusses the application process to the Georgia School System, transitioning into her new position at a new school, and what it was like teaching in a segregated school in the early 1960's.

Keywords: Educator; Fairburn; Fairmont High School; Georgia; Griffin; Rosenwald School; School System; Segregated School; Segregation; Spalding County; Teacher; Y Club

Hyperlink:
00:17:50 - Mid 1960's / work in integrated schools / discussion of segregation

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I left there when the schools were integrated, there were certain teachers picked who were considered to be the best of the rest, you might say, who were set to work in the schools that were white.

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps recounts being selected by the school district to be one of the only African-American teachers in the newly integrated Griffin-Spalding County School system. She further talks about going back to graduate school and transitioning into her role as a Media Specialist at a newly integrated elementary school. She recalls dealing with her fear of the unknown, overcoming racial barriers that remained in place after integration and conflicts with white administrators. Walker-Harps then discusses segregation in the South more generally and compares rural versus urban areas. She also relates the story of her relationship to a white administrator at the school who initially did not like her but eventually became her friend.

Keywords: Educator; Fairmont High School; Griffin; Integrated School; Integration; Media Specialist; Rosenwald School; School; Segregated School; Segregation; Spalding County; Teacher

00:27:35 - Differences between segregated and integrated schools

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Going back to your time at fairmont junior high school ... and as you transition to the integrated high school, or, integrated school. What were the major differences you saw between the segregated school versus the integrated school?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps talks about the differences between all-black segregated schools and integrated schools and the differences between the studens who graduated from them. She further discusses the effects integration had on the African-American community in Griffin.

Keywords: Educator; Fairmont High School; Griffin; High School; Integrated School; Integration; Rosenwald School; School System; Segregated School; Segregation; Spalding County; Teacher

00:32:55 - Social life in Griffin prior to integration

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Talk a little bit about just ... social .... how you socialized prior to integration. You were off-limits in restaurants.

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps discusses social life in the African-American community in Griffin prior to integration. She talks the homecoming football games, school dances, and parades that were held in Griffin.

Keywords: American Legion; Fairmont High School; Fairmont High School Band; Griffin; High School; Homecoming; Integrated School; Integration; Rosenwald School; School System; Segregated School; Segregation; Spalding County; VFW; Veterans of Foreign Wars

00:36:05 - Integration in Griffin / NAACP activism

Play segment

Partial Transcript: How did integration come about in Griffin? Was that something that the state imposed? Was it something that ...?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps describes how integration came to Griffin and her early civil rights activism in the community. She talks about her involvement with the NAACP as a member and about her experience in different leadership roles in the organization.

Keywords: Civil Rights; Civil Rights Act; Educator; Fairmont High School; Griffin; High School; Integrated School; Integration; NAACP; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Rosenwald School; School System; Segregated School; Segregation; Spalding County; Teacher; Thelma Davis

00:41:14 - Changes in Griffin since the segregated era / Griffin today

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So how much have things changed since then? I mean is there still any of this?

Segment Synopsis: Walker-Harps discusses changes in Griffin since the segregated era and the effect those changes had on the Fairmont Community. She talks about the economic changes which occurred within the African-American community since that time and her outlook on the future.

Keywords: Black History Month; Civil Rights; Civil Rights Act; Educator; Fairmont High School; Griffin; High School; Integrated School; Integration; NAACP; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Plessy v. Ferguson; Rosenwald School; School System; Segregated School; Segregation; Separate But Equal; Spalding County; Teacher

Hyperlink: